ACIC was created to assist law enforcement agencies in the war against crime. One way this is done is by identifying when and where crimes occur, as well as the characteristics of suspects and victims. The traditional Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program was not designed to collect or portray these details. Therefore, in its place is a program called the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS). It is being strongly encouraged by the FBI and other organizations nationwide. It produces the additional details needed by local agencies for budget justifications, grant proposals, and setting local agency priorities.
This section is dedicated to assisting local law enforcement in the transition to incident based reporting. Any comments or questions should be forwarded to ACIC at 501-682-2222.
NIBRS Information & Training Manuals
The unlawful cultivation, manufacture, distribution, sale, purchase, use, possession, transportation, or importation of any controlled drug or narcotic substance.
Because it is often difficult to determine the true identity of drugs or narcotics at the time an initial incident report is prepared, only the “suspected type of drug” is to be reported. Suspected drug type is required only for Drug/Narcotic Violations. Drugs or Narcotics are substances such as narcotics or hallucinogens that affect the central nervous system causing changes in behavior and often addiction; prescription, over-the-counter, legal, and illegal drugs. The Arkansas NIBRS Program at ACIC has provided a NIBRS Drug Directory to help you categorize the seized drug or narcotic in the respectable NIBRS Drug Type.
When LEAs seize drugs or narcotics in a drug case, they should report no value for this data element, but should report the estimated quantity of the drugs/narcotics. Therefore, when the offense is 35A = Drug/Narcotic Violations, the data value of 6 = Seized should be entered into Data Element 14 (Type Property Loss/Etc.) and 10 = Drugs/Narcotics should be entered into Data Element 15 (Property Description). The agency should enter no value into this data element; instead, agencies should use Data Element 20 (Suspected Drug Type), Data Element 21 (Estimated Drug Quantity), and Data Element 22 (Type Drug Measurement). When drugs or narcotics are involved in other types of crime (e.g., they were stolen through burglary, robbery, theft, etc., or destroyed by arson) their value should be entered into this data element, and Data Elements 20, 21, and 22 should be left blank.
The Office of Justice Programs’ Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) released the Fentanyl Safety Recommendations for First Responders’ companion training video Fentanyl: The Real Deal. The video was produced by U.S. Customs and Border Protection to help first responders protect themselves when the presence of fentanyl is suspected or encountered on the job.
Fentanyl: The Real Deal provides recommendations to law enforcement on how to navigate safely around the increased prevalence of fentanyl in the illicit drug market. The video provides first responders with unified, scientific, and evidence-based recommendations for protective actions first responders should take when the presence of fentanyl is suspected, when exposure occurs, and when individuals exhibit signs of opioid intoxication.
“Exposure to synthetic opioids like fentanyl is one of the most dangerous threats facing law enforcement officers,” Deputy Attorney General Rod J. Rosenstein said. “The Department of Justice worked with the White House, other Cabinet agencies, and many law enforcement organizations to produce a new safety video and training recommendations for first responders. I urge law enforcement officers to review the advice and take precautions to stay safe.”
“We have a duty to protect those who keep our communities safe,” said DEA Acting Administrator Uttam Dhillon. “As we continue to fight this opioid epidemic, it is critical that we provide every tool necessary to educate the public, law enforcement, and first responders about the dangers of fentanyl. This video is a positive step in that direction.”
Trafficking Victims Protection Act
In January 2014, the Arkansas UCR NIBRS Program began collecting offense and arrest data regarding human trafficking as authorized by the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008. The act requires the FBI to collect human trafficking offense data and to make distinctions between prostitution, assisting or promoting prostitution, and purchasing prostitution.
To comply with the Wilberforce Act, the national UCR Program created two additional offenses in the National Incident-Based Reporting System for which the UCR NIBRS Program collects both offense and arrest data. The definitions for these offenses are:
Human Trafficking/Commercial Sex Acts: inducing a person by force, fraud, or coercion to participate in commercial sex acts, or in which the person induced to perform such act(s) has not attained 18 years of age.
Human Trafficking/Involuntary Servitude: the obtaining of a person(s) through recruitment, harboring, transportation, or provision, and subjecting such persons by force, fraud, or coercion into involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery (not to include commercial sex acts).
The Blue Campaign infographic resources will help you to answer the question, “What is Human Trafficking?” Through the Blue Campaign, The Department of Homeland Security raises public awareness about human trafficking, leveraging partnerships to educate the public to recognize human trafficking and report suspected instances. The Blue Campaign also offers training to law enforcement and others to increase detection and investigation of human trafficking, and to protect victims and bring suspected traffickers to justice.
This 3-minute video is a preview of an 9-part video series that is designed to raise awareness of human trafficking. The series is intended to be used for outreach and education efforts of service providers, law enforcement, prosecutors, and others in the community. The series will include information about sex and labor trafficking, multidisciplinary approaches to serving victims of human trafficking, effective victim services, legal needs, and voices of survivors.
Human trafficking, also known as trafficking in persons or modern-day slavery, is a crime that involves the exploitation of a person for the purpose of compelled sex or labor.
Victims of human trafficking come from all walks of life. Anyone can be a victim—regardless of race, color, national origin, disability, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, socioeconomic status, education level, or citizenship status. Although there is no defining characteristic that all victims share, traffickers frequently prey on individuals who are poor, vulnerable, living in an unsafe situation, or are in search of a better life.
Since 2003, the Office for Victims of Crime, with funding authorized by the Trafficking Victims Prevention Act (TVPA), has supported the development and enhancement of programs designed to provide a comprehensive array of culturally competent services to victims of human trafficking.
NIBRS Bulletin Archive
The latest NIBRS information may be found in the ACIC System Update.